Year 4 Home Learning Statements

Term Four

Writing

This term, Year 4 will be focusing on writing fantasy texts. Students compose as authors and secretaries when they are writing.  They have been learning about different motifs within fantasy, such as magic, hero’s quest, special characters, and alternate settings.

 

As an author, they will be working on expanding and elaborating on their narratives in order to entertain a reader. They will be encouraged to use adjectives and similes to add imagery and detail to their writing. They will be explore building their capacity to use verbs, in order to elaborate on action in their story.

 

On the secretarial side, they will be encouraged to proofread and edit their texts with a focus on using correct punctuation at all times. This includes writing dialogue, and correct use of apostrophes and commas.

 

How to help:

  • Encourage your child to widen the range of books they read, to include a variety of fantasy. These include novels such as ‘How to Train Your Dragon’ and ‘Deltora Quest’.
  • Encourage your child to write at home. Praise what you notice they can do. E.g. “In your writing, you used paragraphs, and you had lots of description and action. I could really visualise what was happening.” Encourage them to use interesting adjectives and use a mix of action and dialogue to tell their story.
  • Encourage the correct use of commas and talking marks.
  • Get your child to explain the TiPToP acronym that helps with paragraph structure. When they are writing, encourage them to organise their sentences into paragraphs.
  • Encourage your child to edit their work for mistakes before they show you. They should also make sure the writing makes sense. Getting your child to read their work out loud is a good technique to find mistakes in writing.
  • Using a dictionary helps with spelling mistakes.
  • Using a thesaurus helps to expand your child’s vocabulary.
  • Encourage your child to practise handwriting at home, to improve neatness.

 

Mathematics

This term in Number we have been focusing on money. In money, we have discussed how to represent values in multiple ways and how to calculate the change required to the nearest 5 cents. We have looked at creating simple budgets. We have been discussing how to identify and describe number patterns resulting from addition, subtraction and multiplication.

 

We will also be revising the four operations, reminding students to use efficient strategies in their calculations. Students will be exploring volume, capacity and mass.

 

How to help with Money:

  • If your child needs help with counting money, give them a handful of coins and ask them to calculate the total. We have encouraged students to group the coins into like amounts and then add the total together.
  • If your child needs help with calculating change, give them the opportunity to calculate the change from different transactions. For example, “If you bought an ice-cream for $3.40 and you paid with a $10 note, how much change would you get back?” We have taught the children to mentally hop 60 cents to the nearest dollar ($4) and jump $6 to get to $10.
  • If your child has shown an interest in percentages, discuss with them how to calculate 10%, 20% or 50% off a price.
  • When shopping in supermarkets, point out the unit price labelling and discuss the best value product.

 

How to help with Volume, Capacity and Mass:

  • At home, collect and read recipes and discuss the use of fractions, millilitres, and grams. Encourage your child to make accurate measurements using measuring cups and spoons.
  • Make a list of abbreviations used in the recipe, and then write them in full. For example ml for millilitre, tsp. for teaspoon and tbps. for tablespoon.

 

How to help with Patterns and Algebra:

  • Give your child a starting number and rule, and ask them to write down the next 5 numbers in the sequence. For example, starting at 5, count up by 4: 5,9,13…
  • Think of a rule e.g. multiply by 2, (Don’t tell you child) and choose a starting number, e.g. the number 4. Write the first 4 numbers in the pattern: 4,8,16,32. Ask your child, “What is the rule and what are the next few numbers?” For easier patterns, look at adding 3 or taking away 4. For a challenge, look at taking away two and adding one (5,3,4,2,3…).

 

Term Three

Writing

This term, Year 4 will be focusing on writing realistic fiction. Students compose as authors and secretaries when they are writing.  As an author, they will be working on expanding and elaborating on their narrative in order to entertain a reader. They will be encouraged to use text features such as adjectives, similes, and verbs to add imagery and detail to their writing. On the secretarial side, they will be encouraged to proofread and edit their texts with a focus on using correct punctuation at all times, correct grammar and accurate spelling including contractions and homophones e.g. their/there.

 

How can you support this at home?

  • Encourage your child to write at home. Praise what you notice they can do. E.g. “In your writing, you used paragraphs, and you had lots of description and action. I could really visualise what was happening.” Encourage them to use interesting adjectives and use a mix of action and dialogue to tell their story.
  • Reinforce the use of capital letters and full stops correctly at all times, particularly for the word ‘I’. Encourage the correct use of commas and talking marks.
  • Get your child to explain the TiPToP acronym that helps with paragraph structure. When they are writing, encourage them to organise their sentences into paragraphs.
  • Discuss with your child the difference between realistic and fantasy fiction by giving various book titles as examples.

 

Mathematics

This term in mathematics, Year 4 students are focusing on fractions and decimals. Students will create halves, thirds, quarters and fifths and investigate equivalent fractions used in context e.g. half a pizza equals two-quarters of a pizza. They will also count by fractions such as quarters, halves and thirds, including improper and mixed numbers, and locate these fractions on a number line. Students will be given opportunities to recognise that the place value system can be extended to tenths, hundredths, and thousandths. They will explore making connections between fractions and decimals e.g. 1/10 = 0.1

 

To support this at home you can compare fractions in real life contexts using appropriate vocabulary:

  • Would you prefer ½ or ¼ of a particular object? Why?
  • One quarter of a collection of objects
  • Thirds in a netball court
  • How is the time in a football game divided?
  • If you have lost a measuring cup in cooking, what other cups could you use to make the same amount?
  • Practise counting by fractions and look for patterns.
  • Refer to decimals using the following language: tenths and hundredths e.g. “0.5 is five tenths, 4.56 is four and fifty-six hundredths.”

Term Two

Writing

This term, Year 4 will be focusing on persuasive writing. Students compose as authors and secretaries when they are writing. As an author they will be working on expanding and sequencing their ideas in order to persuade a reader to their point of view. They will be encouraged to use topic specific vocabulary to add meaning to their writing, and will explore persuasive devices. On the secretarial side, they will be encouraged to proofread and edit their texts with a focus on using correct punctuation at all times, correct grammar and accurate spelling including contractions and homophones e.g. their/there.

 

How can you support this at home?

  • Encourage your child to write at home. Praise what you notice they can do. E.g “You wrote a persuasive text, you used capital letters most of the time, you explained your arguments and used emotive language…”
  • For persuasive pieces, encourage them to create strong and detailed arguments including rhetorical questions, alternative suggestions, exaggeration, and facts and statistics.

 

Reinforce:

  • Use of capital letters and full stops correctly at all times, particularly for the word ‘I’.
  • Look at letters to the editor from the newspapers. These are real-life examples of where we try to persuade people to our point of view. Advertising is also a form of persuasive text that you could discuss with your child.
  • Create discussions where your child is encouraged to give an opinion. Help them with elaborating on their ideas.
  • Get your child to explain the TiPToP acronym that helps with paragraph structure. When they are writing, encourage them to organise their sentences into paragraphs.

 

Mathematics

This term, Year 4 students have focused on building their capacity to efficiently solve subtraction problems mentally by using a variety of strategies. These strategies include: doubles/near doubles, bridging to nearest 10, split, jump and hop, and think addition They have also been learning how to solve worded problems.

 

How can you support this at home?

  • Explore education department site Fuse for online maths games.
  • Give your child opportunities to subtract mentally 2 and 3 digit numbers with a focus on building efficiency by selecting the quickest strategy e.g 56 -32, ( think 50-30,6-2) 345- 223 = (345 – 200 = 145 – 20 = 125 – 3 = 122)

 

Term One

Reading 
In Year 4 we have been setting up the reading workshop. Students have been looking at choosing ‘Just Right’ books using the iPick strategy. We have been looking at what independent reading is; what it looks like, sounds like, feels like. We have been establishing with the students how to leave tracks of your thinking and listening to their inner conversation while reading e.g. noting any wondering, questions, connections, predictions.

 

Students have been using sticky-notes and their reading journals to track their thinking. We will work through other reading strategies such as connecting, summarising, visualising and inferring with the students, to re-inforce the inner conversation necessary for tracking their thinking.

 

We have begun Library sessions and have encouraged students to borrow a ‘just right’ book that they can use for independent reading each day in class.

 

Reading Eggs passwords will be set up and sent home.

What you can do at home:

  • Ensure that your child has a range of suitable reading texts that they can bring to school for independent reading. Join the local library.
  • Talk to your child about the book they are reading. Ask them what they are thinking about or wondering as they read.
  • Explore the Reading Eggs site with your child and supervise them when they are using it.

 

Mathematics
In Term One, Year 4 students have been learning how to apply place value to partition, rearrange and regroup numbers to at least tens of thousands to assist addition and subtraction calculations, and solve problems. Future learning will involve recognising that the place value system can be extended to tenths and hundredths.

 

What you can do at home:

  • Encourage your child to teach you the place value games they have learnt at school: Just Gridding; Number Mastermind; Four Move Wipe-Out; Greedy Pig.
  • Enter 5 or 6 digit numbers on a calculator e. 67 543. Encourage your child to read the number, write the number in words. Ask your child to remove, for example, the 7 from the number. What would they have to do to remove that digit? Subtract 7000. Extension: Enter numbers involving decimals. For example, 67.34 should be read as sixty seven and thirty four hundredths 5.6 is read as five and six tenths. Ask your child to remove the digit 3. What would they need to enter? Subtract 0.3 (three tenths)